By Michael Collins-Williams, Director of Policy, Ontario Home Builders’ Association
2019 OHBA International Housing Study Tour
This past May, the largest-yet international business delegation of 27 OHBA members from across Ontario travelled to Denmark and Sweden for OHBA’s 2019 International Housing Study Tour, which featured four jam-packed days of meeting directly with European academic, research, architectural and business leaders and tours of new communities.
On day one, we visited Cophenhagen’s BLOXHUB, which is the Nordic hub for sustainable urbanization, founded on the belief that the challenges of global urbanization and climate change require new ways of collaboration.
Following a lecture at the Danish Architectural Centre exploring Danish architect and urban designer Jan Gehl’s “cities are for people” principles, OHBA toured four sites in the emerging Ørestad City at the south end of Copenhagen, including one of the most spectacular residential buildings in the world, “8 House.” The bowtie-shaped, nearly 500-unit 8 House stacks horizontal layers of differing unit typologies. They’re all connected by a continuous public path stretching from street level to the penthouses on the 10th floor that allows people to bike all the way from the ground floor to the top, winding throughout the entire urban block. We also visited the Mountain Dwelling and the neighbouring VM Houses with its spectacular (and scary-looking) piercing triangular balconies, as well as possibly the most expensive student residence ever built, the Tietgenkollegeit.
On our second day, OHBA visited some sites in Nordhavn, which, like Toronto and Hamilton’s former industrial ports, is undergoing a massive transformation into a thriving mixed-use waterfront community. The most eye-catching was a 17-storey former grain silo in the area that has been transformed into “The Silo,” housing residential apartments, a small museum and a restaurant up top.
The afternoon featured two innovative projects including The Maersk Tower, a state-of-the-art research building whose innovative design creates a relief-like grid structure of copper-covered shutters. The shutters of the facade function as movable climate shields that, depending on weather, automatically open or close to ensure a comfortable indoor climate. We were lucky to be onsite at a moment in which the climate shields moved into a new position. On the final
day of the international housing study tour, we crossed the Øresund Bridge and tunnel—the longest combined road and rail bridge in Europe—to Malmö, Sweden. We started our day with Lotta Hansson, who is with the Malmö Planning Department at the 190-metre-tall Turning Torso tower in the Western Harbour neighbourhood. Like Nordhavn, the Western Harbour was once a busy industrial port that has been transformed into a thriving residential community. The mixed-density community was full of diverse “missing middle” housing typologies, interesting urban design quirks and eye-opening designs for transforming stormwater facilities into urban amenities in small parkettes and along side streets.
Later in the day we were joined by the Swedish equivalent to the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing (The Boverket) and by a specialist for fire suppression in tall wood buildings. The tour concluded with the new Hyllie mid-to-high density, transit-oriented greenfield development community that has taken off since the bridge to Copenhagen was completed. Essentially, two distinct cities in two different countries have been unified into a single functioning urban region upon the completion of the bridge linking Copenhagen and Malmö in 2000.
OHBA thanks our Housing Tour partner EnerQuality, as well as major tour sponsors Velux, Cricket Energy, Ozz Electric and Building Knowledge Canada for their support of a very successful tour that focused on energy sustainability and architecture.
Stay tuned for details on the 2020 tour destination!
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